Benzodiazepines are sedatives or tranquilizers that depress the central nervous system. Benzodiazepines are medications that contain one of the following properties, anti-anxiety, anti-convulsant, muscle relaxant, or sedative-hypnotic. Benzodiazepines function by enhancing the effects of GABA-A, a neurotransmitter in the brain, which results in a hypnotic sedative effect. They are typically prescribed to treat anxiety disorders, panic attacks, muscle relaxation, or insomnia. Because it is a central nervous system depressant, these drugs slow normal brain functioning. Benzodiazepines are among the most commonly prescribed medications in the United States.
The sedative effect of these drugs, as well as their addiction forming chemical properties, makes them ripe for abuse. Since these are prescription drugs, it is important to note that some individuals may initially have a reason to use them. But over time, they may develop an addiction to the drug. People addicted to Benzodiazepines often display self-harming behaviors and suicidal tendencies, especially in younger people.
Common street names for Benzodiazepines:
Brand Name Generic Name Street Name
Xanax Alprazolam Bars, Xanies, Zanbars
Ativan Lorazempam Candy, Downers, Tranks
Klonopin Clonazepam K, K-Pin, Pin
Valium Diazepam Eggs, Jellies, Vallies